Estradiol Estradiol is a hormone that promotes feminine physical changes. External link. Polyestradiol phosphate [b]. Routine laboratory monitoring of patients on cross-sex hormone therapy can be challenging because results are often reported using gender-specific reference intervals, which are not all appropriate for transgender patients. Craig Jordan; Barrington J.
Though the role of progestogens in visible breast development is uncertain, progestogens are essential for lobuloalveolar maturation of the mammary glands,  and hence are required for any transgender woman who wishes to lactate or breastfeed.
From their study, the authors concluded that it is not possible to predict reference ranges for transgender women based only on what is already known about postmenopausal women on estrogen therapy, and that new reference ranges must be studied and validated to avoid diagnostic errors in this patient population. Estrone Estriol Estetrol Ethinylestradiol Conjugated estrogens Esterified estrogens Estrone sulfate Estropipate piperazine estrone sulfate. The CoE is unable to respond to individual patient requests for medical guidance. Oxford University Press;